Australia and its territories have 898 recorded bird species. Climate change is a serious concern and it is expected that around 10% of the species will become extinct because of climate change by 2100. Below is a list of most common Australian birds found in Australian cities and suburbs. This list is not a complete one and the only purpose of collecting these details is to give a bare minimum introduction to a new immigrant so that they can identify these birds when spotted.
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This is Australia’s most urban bird, found throughout the continent particularly in the coastal areas. The head, body, and tail are white. The wings are light grey with white-spotted, black tips.
They thrive in shopping centres and garbage dumps. This scavenger loves to feed on potato chips but their natural diet is worms, fish, insects and crustaceans.
Galah is also known as rose-breasted cockatoo and galah cockatoo. It is found all around Australia. They have grown more abundant by human influences, because they eat crops and make use of the cattle drinking ponds. Their plumage is splendid combination of grey and pink.
They are distinguished by a short bill, small pointed crest, blue skin that circles the eye. While flying a lemon- yellow underwing and tail are visible from below.
They are also known as bare-eyed cockatoo, blood-stained cockatoo, short-billed corella, little cockatoo and blue-eyed cockatoo. They usually feed on ground but occasionally feed on trees and shrubs. They are very noisy birds and good in show off. They travel in large flocks.
Sulphur crested Cockatoo
These white birds with striking lemon yellow crust and dark bill are commonly found in Australian suburbia. These highly intelligent birds can be demanding pets.
They can be found widely in the north and east, ranging from the Kimberley to as far south as Tasmania, but avoiding arid inland areas with few trees. They are capable of synchronising movements to a musical beat.
Budgerigars are found wild throughout the drier parts of Australia where the species has survived harsh inland conditions for the last five million years. Budgerigars are naturally green and yellow with black, scalloped markings on the nape, back and wings, but have been bred in captivity with colouring in blues, whites, yellows, greys and even with small crests.
They are also popular pets. They are nomadic birds found throughout Australia. They feed mostly on grass seeds from ground. They breed in small colonies and nests in tree hollows or cavities.
They are true parrots and is found commonly in the eastern seaboard from northern Queensland to South Australia. They are introduced in Perth, Tasmania and Western Australia.
The head is deep blue with a greenish-yellow nuchal collar, and the rest of the upper parts (wings, back and tail) are deep green. The chest is red with blue-black barring. The belly is deep green, and the thighs and rump are yellow with deep green barring. In flight a yellow wing-bar contrasts clearly with the red underwing coverts. They mainly feed on fruit, nectar and pollen. They are very human friendly birds.
Australian magpie is Australia’s song bird. This species has adjusted to the suburban way of life. The male has pure white feathers on the back of the head and the female has white blending to grey feathers on the back of the head.
With its long legs, the Australian magpie walks rather than waddles or hops and spends much time on the ground. They are infamous for swooping during the breeding season.
This bird is whole in all black in colour. The adult males have white irises, younger adults have a white iris with an inner blue rim, while younger birds have dark brown irises until fifteen months of age.
They eat wide variety of plant and animals and is an opportunistic feeder. They are peaceful birds showing no aggression towards humans.